D.D.S. Jacek Nocon, Germany
M.D. Jan Rauch, Poland

Does the use of natural mineral water in prophylaxis, hygiene and treatment of teeth and paradontium diseases give us new perspectives for a daily teeth cleaning procedure?

Each of us cleans his teeth 2 or 3 times daily. This is our everyday routine. This cleaning treatment almost always takes place above a washbasin with hot tap water running simultaneously. During this procedure a glass for keeping our toothbrush usually is not used at all when rinsing our mouth. The dry residues of water and old toothpaste remainder that rained down along a toothbrush handle as being collected on a glass bottom for days or even weeks effectively discourage us from using the glass for mouth rinsing. So we bend over the washbasin and rinse our oral cavity with the running tap water. This procedure usually takes about 2-3 minutes, and during that everyday treatment at least 1 to 2 liters of hot water (we do not count the energy loss) come down uselessly and irretrievably to the sewer.

Let’s make an assumption – for the sake of statistics – that the water waste is only 1 liter for a single teeth cleaning treatment and we clean our teeth only twice daily, accordingly, the daily water loss is at least 2 liters. This means that for example in Germany where the total human population is estimated to be 80 million (2010) at least 160 million liters of (usually hot) tap water are uselessly poured down to the sewer daily.

The above data can be further multiplied (e.g. x 7 for the weekly water loss, or x 365 for the water loss per year) which leads to the huge amount of 58 billion 400 million liters (that gives 58 million 400 thousand cubic meters) of clean potable water that is wasted per year in Germany.

Statistics confront us with unbelievable giant amounts. When respective calculations are made for the human population of the European Union in the new composition thereof (600 million of people) where let’s say for simplification of our estimation only 500 million citizens clean their teeth twice (morning and evening) daily (i.e. 500 million x 2 liter of water) that results in
1 billion liters daily, and 365 billion liters per year (i.e. 365 million cubic meters or tons), respectively, of clean potable water are wasted in Europe.

When taking an approximate price for 1 cubic meter of potable water as about 10 EUR, that gives the amount of 3.65 billion EUR being wasted in Europe per year. And this loss is the only result of us not using a glass of water that is a sufficient amount for the daily teeth cleaning procedure.

In view of the well recognized experts’ opinion and prognosis on worldwide potable water supplies, any reasonable and reasoned possibilities of potable water thrift should be taken under consideration. New ideas about more effective utilization of existing water resources should be carefully considered; the thinking standards to date should be changed. The specialists assert that the worldwide potable water deficiency can be attained earlier than the petroleum shortage.

The potable water that is actually available for us does not have the same quality as 50 years ago. Both earlier and today the definition of water conditioning (water treatment) to obtain the potable water quality mainly consists of microbiological criterions. All (without any single exception) of the legal regulations concerning the potable water comprise as the basic parameters a lack of the following bacteria: Escherichia coli, enterococcus and other bacteria from the Coli group. Besides the legal definitions of potable water comprise a list of undesired chemical compounds that cannot be avoided. For that reason the upper concentration limits for those undesired chemical compounds in potable water are given and they should never be exceeded. Such legal solutions are accompanied by respective regulations concerning the continuous control of the undesired compounds concentration in the potable water.

The World Health Organization (WHO) in the document entitled: „Guidelines for drinking water quality”, Geneva, published in 2003 (WHO/SDE/WSH/03.04./25), reveals a list of 125 chemical compounds recognized as water contaminants together with their precise characteristics and upper concentration limits specified for the potable water.

During the last decade the scientists dealing with the problems of potable water quality started paying attention to troubling water contaminants that were so far unknown to them, and are connected to the civilization development. Those troubling water contaminants comprise chemical (mainly pharmaceutical) impurities such as: incompletely metabolized by human body estrogens derived from intensely taken contraceptive agents, only partially metabolized and intensely taken antibiotics, partially metabolized painkillers and drugs. These topics are the subject-matter of extensive studies which are carried out by known research and development institutes in the entire world.

Furthermore, the potable water quality is influenced by such important parameters as a pH reaction and hardness of the water that both vary a lot in different water sources. During the last years this issue is right up the street of many science institutes in the USA and Canada, where many publications were made on dependencies of heart and gastrointestinal track diseases on the hardness of water consumed.

Many years ago in our German-Polish research and development team we started our study on the water quality in view of the use thereof in daily oral hygiene that is widely understood as prophylaxis of teeth, oral mucous membrane and paradontium diseases.

After analysis of the scientific literature concerning the above subject-matter we decided specifying the most favorable chemical parameters for water that would meet all of the requirements as defined by the contemporary dental prophylaxis. Lucky coincidence helped us to determine the direction of our further study.

One member of our team during multiple touristic visits in highly located alpine baths observed apparent differences in efficiency of daily teeth cleaning, both as to accurateness of dental plaque removal and as to removal of washable with difficulty undesired tint spots as caused by drinking coffee, tee or red wine, as well as other tint spots caused by food in the local population. Accordingly, we stared preliminary interviewing of local citizens and dentists practicing in this area. Our interviews confirms that inhabitants of this countryside have teeth that are optically lighter in color, they do not suffer any gum bleeding, and frequently keep a complete set of teeth until very late age without using any special hygiene means that would be any better than means used by the reach city populations who simultaneously are more aware of oral hygiene importance.

Samples of local potable tap water were collected and chemically examined in some specialist laboratories in different European states. We determined that the important factor of daily teeth cleaning procedure effectiveness is first of all the water as employed, the quality thereof, its chemical composition, its pH reaction, and the hardness thereof, i.e. the parameters that were completely disregarded by scientific researches until now.

Heretofore the science and industry experts dealing with dental prophylaxis proposed introduction of novel toothbrush models and novel toothpaste recipes that are almost the same in chemical composition (e.g. Colgate Palmolive, Procter & Gamble, Unilever, Henkel).

Whereas the third also very important element of the daily teeth cleaning procedure, i.e. the chemically optimal water, and especially the influence thereof on the effectiveness of different (but still similar to each other) toothpastes, has not been considered so far at all.

The resources of such optimal water have been found in significant amounts in Europe (and outside Europe). In many places such optimal water is not defined as mineral water but is simply used as usual drinking tap water (from waterworks).

The experimental tests were carried out and the obtained results encouraged us to file patent applications for use of the optimal water in prophylaxis, hygiene and treatment of teeth and paradontium diseases before the European Patent Office, the USPTO, and the WIPO. The European Patent 2 080 438 B1 was granted on March 30, 2011.

Our „Dental Water” (registered trademark) is active both in prophylaxis and in therapy, since it has been proven that this optimal water:

  • reduces the dental plaque formation;reduces the dental tartar deposition;
  • improves greatly the effectiveness of toothpaste action, improves washability of soft deposits and different tint spots caused by food;
  • increases temporarily the pH level of saliva;
  • stabilizes the oral cavity physiology by reducing the number of pathogenic bacteria that are responsible for dental caries and paradontium diseases;
  • eliminates the anaerobic bacteria;
  • reduces the disadvantageous electrical micro-currents in case of some metal fillings, metal elements of dental prostheses, removable dentures, or implants are present in the oral cavity by forming the basic medium;
  • limits the frequency of oral cavity diseases like bacterial, viral or fungal infections;
  • enhances the initial digesting processes that start in the oral cavity.

The Community Trade Mark “Dental Water” (nr 009126103) was registered in classes 5 and 32 before the OHIM.

Accordingly, the special water for teeth cleaning, i.e. the natural mineral water with special properties for use in prophylaxis, hygiene and treatment of teeth and paradontium diseases, perhaps will reside permanently in our bathrooms in the nearest feature.

Erkrath,Wadowice, 28.10.2011.

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